Who is the taxpayer for Income tax purpose?
Taxpayers for income tax purpose are individual, undivided inheritance as unit in lieu of the beneficiaries, corporation, and permanent establishment.
How do I calculate my tax due?
Taxable income of a resident taxpayer in a taxable year shall be income* reduced by allowable deductions.
*Income is defined as any increase in economic capability received or accrued by a taxpayer, originating from Indonesian as well as from offshore, in whatever name or form, that can be used to consume or to increase the wealth of the taxpayer
Applicable tax rates for entities other than individuals are:
Taxable income brackets Tax rate
Rp 50.000.000,00 (fifty million rupiahs) or less 10% (ten percent)
Over Rp 50.000.000,00 (fifty million rupiahs) –
Rp 100,000,000.00 (one hundred million
rupiahs) 15% (fifteen percent)
Over 100,000,000.00 (one hundred million
rupiahs) 30% (thirty percent)
Deductions allowed in calculating taxable income are defined as:
a. expenses to earn, to collect and to secure income, including cost of materials, costs in connection with employment or services including wages, salaries, honoraria, bonuses, gratuities and remuneration in the from of money, interest, rents, royalties, travel expenses, waste processing expenses, insurance premiums, administrative expenses and taxes other than income tax;
b. depreciation of tangible asset and amortization or rights and other expenditures, which have useful life or more than 1 (one) year;
c. contribution to a pension fund approved by the Minister of Finance;
d. losses incurred from the sale or transfer of properties owned and used in business or used for the purpose of earning, collecting and securing income;
e. losses from foreign exchange;
f. costs related to research and development carried out in Indonesia;
g. scholarships, apprenticeships and training expenses;
h. debts which are actually uncollectible with certain requirements.
Is it possible to depreciate all assets owned by a corporation?
For calculating tax, it is allowed to depreciate cost of purchasing, erecting, expanding, improving, or replacing tangible assets, except land* that is held for earning, collecting, and securing of income that has a useful life or more than one year.
*Land titles in Indonesia include ownership right, a right to build, a right to cultivate, and right to use.
What is the method allowed for depreciation?
For building and contraction straight line method is applied, and for other tangible assets double declining balance method may be applied.
What is the percentage of depreciation for each group of assets?
According to amendment to decree of the Minister of Finance number 520/KMK.04/2002 on type of assets classified into the group of non–building tangible assets for the purpose of depreciation are (decree of Minister Of Finance number 138/KMK.03/2002);
a) Furniture and wooden/rattan appliance, including table, chair, seat, cupboard, and similar which is not part of the building
b) Office machine, such as typewriter, calculator, duplicator, photocopy machine, accounting/bookkeeping machine, computer, printer, scanner and the similar
c) Other appliance, such as amplifier, tape/cassette, video recorder, television and the similar
d) Motorcycle, bicycle and the pedicab
e) Special tools for the relevant industry/service
f) Kitchen appliance for cooking, food and beverages
g) Dies, jigs and mould
a)Furniture and metal ware, including table, chair, seat, cupboard and the similar, which is not part of the building. Air regulator, such as AC, fan and the similar
b)Vehicle, bus, truck, speed boat and the similar
c)Container and the similar
Group III for chemical industry
a)Machine/equipment for processing/producing products of chemical industry and other industries connected with the chemical industry (inorganic chemical essences, organic and inorganic compound and precious metal, radioactive element, isotope, organic chemical essences, pharmaceutical products, fertilizer, varnish, bleaching agent, dyeing agent, paint, eteric oil and perfume resinoids, beautifying and make-up medicines, soap, detergent, albumminal essence, glue, alloy piroforis, pyrotechnic product, matches, photographic and cinematographic product.
b)Machines for processing/producing other industrial product (artificial dammar, plastic material, cellulose ester, synthetic rubber, artificial rubber, tanned leather and skin).
For other industry:
Mining excludes oil and gas:
Machine used in the mining sector, including machines processing mineral product
Spinning, weaving and bleaching:
a) Machines processing/producing textile products (e.g. cotton, silk, manmade fiber, wool and other animal fur fabrics, jute, carpet and fur fabrics, tile)
b) Machines for yarn preparation, bleaching, dyeing, printing, finishing, texturing, packaging and the similar
a) Machines processing/producing wooden products, Articles of jute, grass and other mat
b) Timber sawing machine and equipment
Machines producing/yielding medium and heavy machines (automotive and ship machine)
Transport and communication:
a) Passenger ships, cargo ships, ships specially designed to carry certain goods (e.g wheat, stones and mineral) including cool storage ship, tanker, fishing ship and the similar, weighing up to 1,000DWT
b) Ship specially designed to pull or push signaling ship, fire extingushing ship, dredging ship, floating tap and similar, weighing up to 1,000 DWT
c) Floating dockyard
d) Sailing vessel with or without engine, weighing above 250 DWT
e) Aircraft and helicopters of all kinds
Instrumens of navigation radio, radar and long distance controller
How do I pay the tax; annually or installment?
Although, the ultimate corporate income tax amount for taxable year should be calculated based on annual income of that year, taxpayers are required to pay monthly installment (Article 25) during the year, the amount of which is based on the preceding year’s annual tax return.
How do I calculate monthly corporate tax installment?
The monthly installment is calculated as follows:
a. Taxable income of previous year (single year) 1,000,000
b. Loss Carry forward (200,000)
c. Taxable income (a-b) 800,000
d. Tax due (rate xc) 80,000
e. Previous years tax credit (2,000)
f. Tax due (d-e) 78,000
Installment for this year (Article 25) (1/12 x f) 6,500
Income tax payable based on
Annual income tax return 2000: Rp 50,000,000
Income tax withheld by other parties:
Art 22 Rp 10,500,000
Art 23 Rp 2,500,000
Foreign tax credit (art 24) Rp 7,500,000 (+)
Total tax credit (Rp 20,500,000)
Difference Rp 29,500,000
The amount of tax installment to be paid by taxpayer for year 2001 is Rp 2,458,333 (Rp 29,500,000 : 12)
If the income tax in above example covers income of 6 months in 2000 only (e.g. establishment year), the amount of monthly installment for 2001is Rp 4,916,666 (Rp29,500,000 : 6)
Is it possible to decrease my monthly installment (Article 25)
Taxpayers under certain circumstances may request an adjustment of the installment of the Article 25. according to the decree of Director General Of Taxes number Kep-537/PJ./2000, taxpayers who can prove that the potential tax due for a taxable year would be less than 75% of taxable income of the previous year ( basis for calculating Article 25 installment) may request for a reduction of the installment, at the earliest three months after a taxable year began.
How long does it take to get a tax refund?
A tax refund shall be given not later than a year after the date of filing a tax return. Before the refund is given, taxpayer will be subject to a tax audit for that taxable year. Process of a tax audit usually takes approximately one to three months depending on data availability.
Who is the taxpayer for Income tax purpose?